Portugal is considered the biggest consumer of salt cod in the world, with an estimated per capita consumption of around 4.6 kilograms per year. Salt cod has been a staple of Portuguese cuisine for centuries, and it is estimated that the Portuguese have over 1,000 different ways of preparing the fish.
Norway is the largest producer of salt cod in the world, with a long history of salt cod production dating back to the Viking era. The country produces around 70% of the world's salt cod, and the fish is an important export for the Norwegian fishing industry. Salt cod is known as "klippfisk" in Norwegian, and it is typically made from Arctic cod, which is abundant in the waters around Norway.